In the history of architecture, it is rare to find examples of roads built entirely by the same architect. The ‘Rue Camille Claudel’ project primarily poses the question of scale. The trauma of the Grands Ensembles has prevented a unitary approach in architecture today. We often see urban projects divided into ‘slices’ of 50 to 60 houses under the guise of “architectural diversity.” This approach is often detrimental due as it is associated with a lack of consideration for the town and city planning. Hamonic+Masson & Associés won the Camille Claudel project in 2013 had proposed a global and unitary strategy, which incorporated architectural diversity with evident character. Here diversity is a question of form and typology and not simply style.
5th Studio has completed the redevelopment of Westlegate Tower, one of Norwich’s most high profile buildings, together with its surrounding environment, into a landmark mixed-use site within the historically sensitive context of Norwich’s medieval city centre.The transformation of the 1960s tower block into 17 residential apartments involved the addition of three storeys to the previously squat, 11-storey tower – creating a new ‘crown’ for the building. The new apartments each occupy a single floor plate and benefit from spectacular 360-degree views across the city.
On August 15, 1947, on the eve of India’s independence from the United Kingdom, came a directive which would transform the subcontinent for the next six decades. In order to safeguard the country’s Muslim population from the Hindu majority, the departing colonial leaders set aside the northwestern and eastern portions of the territory for their use. Many of the approximately 100 million Muslims living scattered throughout India were given little more than 73 days to relocate to these territories, the modern-day nations of Pakistan and Bangladesh. As the borders for the new countries were drawn by Sir Cyril Radcliffe (an Englishman whose ignorance of Indian history and culture was perceived, by the colonial government, as an assurance of his impartiality), the state of Punjab was bisected between India and Pakistan, the latter of which retained ownership of the state capital of Lahore. It was in the wake of this loss that Punjab would found a new state capital: one which would not only serve the logistical requirements of the state, but make an unequivocal statement to the entire world that a new India—modernized, prosperous, and independent—had arrived.
Located at the head of the abstract bird-shaped city plan by Lúcio Costa, and as the only building within the central greensward of the eastern arm of the Monumental Axis, the palace of the National Congress (Congresso Nacional) enjoys pride of place among Oscar Niemeyer’s government buildings in Brasília. The most sober of the palaces on the Plaza of the Three Powers, the National Congress reflects the strong influence of Le Corbusier, while hinting at the more romantic and whimsical forms that characterize Niemeyer’s trademark Brazilian Modernism.The concept of a purpose-built capital city in the interior of the country dates back to Brazil’s independence from Portugal following the Napoleonic Wars, and was even enshrined in Brazil’s first Republican Constitution in 1891. It was not until Niemeyer’s friend and patron Juscelino Kubitschek was elected president in 1956 that progress truly began in earnest.
The United States had made an admirable showing for itself at the very first World’s Fair, the Crystal Palace Exhibition, held in the United Kingdom in 1851. British newspapers were unreserved in their praise, declaring America’s displayed inventions to be more ingenious and useful than any others at the Fair; the Liverpool Times asserted “no longer to be ridiculed, much less despised.” Unlike various European governments, which spent lavishly on their national displays in the exhibitions that followed, the US Congress was hesitant to contribute funds, forcing exhibitors to rely on individuals for support. Interest in international exhibitions fell during the nation’s bloody Civil War; things recovered quickly enough in the wake of the conflict, however, that the country could host the Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition in 1876. Celebrating both American patriotism and technological progress, the Centennial Exhibition was a resounding success which set the stage for another great American fair: the World’s Columbian Exposition of 1893.
Developed for an international planning and architectural competition, this proposed masterplan for the Città della Scienza by Vincent Callebaut Architectures, coffice – studio di architettura e urbanistica, and Studio d’Architettura Briguglio Morales fuses sustainability with history to propose a self-sufficient urban ecosystem in Italy. Operating on the principle of living facades, the Città della Scienza revitalizes the forgotten military district into a vibrant, continually regenerating living city.Taking direction from the remaining aspects of the military district, the urban ecosystem grows from the existing infrastructure, nodding to the site’s past while making it livable for today’s occupants. The empty shells of its industrial history are fitted with updated amenities, transforming the buildings into diverse lofts. Similarly, the existing paths are made into a usable network through the insertion of public areas organized on a grid, systematizing the layout of the entire site.
The urban plan (made in 2004-2006), suggests a differentiated structure, with a regular decrease in density starting from the town, all the way to farmland “emptiness”. The green urban transition, expansion or extension of the low density area, is a gradual conversion from a built to a planted environment.
This is an urbanization and social housing project at Jardim Vicentina, on the outskirts of the city of Osasco, greater São Paulo. This project was part of the Brazil Pavilion at the 2014 Venice Biennale. With an intervention area of approximately 95 thousand m², it was partially urbanized with a large part of it located at a thalweg. The existing situation was precarious, being composed by one or two-storey wood or masonry self-built houses placed in an area subject to landslides, floods and contamination.
MVRDV has taken it upon themselves to reimagine the Chinese Hutong. Focusing in on Beijing’s prominent and currently vacant Xianyukou Hutong, the practice has set out to define its future and envision “the next hutong” – one that is “monumental, dense, green, mixed and individual” and can be built in phases.
“Smart cities” are the latest urban phenomenon popping up across the globe. Among the newest being realized will be Union Point, a masterplan with a commitment to innovation located just south of Boston, USA.